This week, New to Haiku is pleased to interview Bona M. Santos. Bona began writing and publishing haiku in 2017. She is a member of the Haiku Society of America (HSA), the Southern California Haiku Study Group (SCHSG), and the Yuki Teikei Haiku Society (YTHS). Thanks for sharing your haiku journey with us, Bona.
In Advice for Beginners posts, we ask established haiku poets to share a bit about themselves so that you can meet them and learn more about their writing journeys. We, too, wanted to learn what advice they would give to beginning haiku poets.
Welcome to New to Haiku, Bona! How did you come to learn about haiku?
My haiku journey started on a metro bus ride on the streets of Los Angeles decades ago! At that time, I did not know what type of poetry I was reading, but I did know I was very intrigued with the 3-line poems appearing on placards inside the bus. Some were fun to read, profound or perplexing. Fast forward years later while I was at a yearly celebration of the Nisei Festival in downtown L.A.’s Little Tokyo, I noticed a wall called Haiku Corner where attendees were invited to write poetry. Curious about it, I started reading what was being written and realized they were 3-line poems. I found haiku or so I thought! I started searching how-to-haiku on Google and encountered Basho’s old pond haiku with more than a hundred translations (!) and read articles about the 5-7-5 style. So, I wrote poems counting my syllables and was pretty happy with myself.
I tried looking for a haiku group in Los Angeles but was not able to find one at that time. More years passed and in 2017, the annual Los Angeles Times’ Festival of Books included a Haiku Booth on its list of exhibitors! It was the one compelling reason why I attended the event in the middle of a hot afternoon in April.
Do you have a haiku mentor? What advice did they give you? Did someone else’s haiku greatly influence your own?
I met Deborah P Kolodji at the Festival of Books Haiku Booth. I was so impressed when she gave me a 15-minute talk about haiku. I found the concept challenging but exciting to me, and I was hooked from that time on! It was not all about 5-7-5 syllables, after all! It also helped that I found her book, Highway of Sleeping Towns, so interesting since it appealed to my background in the sciences. I had never encountered poems that were science-centric before! She invited me to join the monthly meetings of the Southern California Haiku Study Group workshop in Pasadena, CA and also informed me about the 2017 Haiku North America (HNA) conference in Santa Fe, NM.
With Debbie’s haiku talk fresh in mind, I wrote 12 haiku that night and emailed them to her for comments. Amazingly to me at that time, she responded with her comments and got me all the more encouraged to pursue haiku. Four of my 12 attempts made it to the SCHSG Anthology that year! I found my niche.
2017 was my haiku watershed. I attended the HNA in Santa Fe and joined the HSA. I fearlessly introduced myself as a beginner to the poets I met and I found them very supportive. I was also invited to join the Yuki Teikei Haiku Society when I went to their Asilomar Retreat that year.
Having gotten me to embrace haiku, I consider Deborah P Kolodji my mentor. She has been very generous of her time to read my poems. I’ve learned so much from her feedback and from attending her workshops. She instilled in me the importance of juxtaposition and in-the-moment observations in writing haiku. I always start with those in mind when I write.
At the YTHS, Patricia J. Machmiller has also shared a gem of advice that I adhere to. If you are having to deal with writing bad haiku, she advised to never stop writing, regardless. Leave your inner critic in the other room and give it a name. Do not let the critic in your head. Continue writing poems until you are ready to deal with them and only then, can you invite your inner critic back. I have found this advice so useful with my re-writes. There is nothing more satisfying than polishing a bad haiku until it shines. Well, in my mind, anyway… until it gets published and you get that validation of the process.
I get inspired by reading the work of other haiku writers but my style is evolving. I am open to ideas and I have been specially drawn to those out-of-the-box or cutting-edge senryu that I have been reading. I’d like to think that I have gotten out of my comfort zone by trying out other forms and formats like monoku, tanka, haibun and haiga.
Where do you most often write? Do you have a writing process?
I do not keep an appointment with my writing. I write anytime and anywhere. I find the inspiration to compose poetry when I wake up in the early morning and see Venus in the sky or the full moon streaking in my kitchen, during my walks – I try to stop while crossing the street, though! – or while having a conversation with someone, after attending an event or just being in a quiet place anywhere. I will have all these poems in my head and either type them on my phone or grab a pen and start scribbling in a small notepad. I also find attending conferences and workshops very helpful. I always learn something new and find myself writing more haiku after these events.
At work, writing haiku calms me in the middle of a stressful day. I call them my “mad haiku.” Not necessarily angry ones since some are funny, they are a means to release the stress or rant at an annoying situation. I could write a whole chapter or a chapbook based on the times I have written “mad haiku” to relieve stress!
I do set a time to sit down and have all my scribbles and notes transferred to my notebook and then I number them accordingly. At that point, the poems may have undergone a number of re-writes. I have them catalogued electronically, too. But for me, the poems in ink and paper are the ultimate back-up when all else starts breaking down.
As a former working marine biologist, science is part of your daily life. How does your scientific training and background influence you as a poet? Does it impact how you approach writing haiku?
My work in marine biological research and conservation trained me to have a methodical mind-set which helps in getting me back on track at times when I get lazy with my writing. Since haiku for me is an exercise in observation, I did a lot of that in research and it is one of the tools I have used to develop my passion in haiku. My experience in that field and my keen interest in the sciences, in general, inspire me but I do have to write more haiku using my science background as a springboard.
How do you approach reading haiku?
I read haiku journals I subscribe to cover to cover. I initially speed read through the poems and stop at those that catch my attention either because I instantly like them or they are intriguing enough to read and re-read until I get it. Sometimes, I do go back to page one and read through again more slowly. It is like travelling through different landscapes of the mind!
For those just starting out with haiku, what advice would you give?
It is important to find a haiku group you will be comfortable with. I wouldn’t be where I am in my writing had I not joined my writing groups. During these pandemic times, Zoom meetings/conferences provide even more opportunities to be involved. There are some very informative and educational events in the study of writing haiku that are open to the public. Seize those when you find them and get in there. Some are free and others have minimal fees. Most haiku groups may be transitioning to live events soon but there are good venues like your local haiku group workshops, community poetry events that may include haiku, conferences like the biennial Haiku North America, the annual Asilomar Retreat of the YTHS or Seabeck Haiku Getaway of Haiku Northwest, and other regional conferences in your area to meet seasoned writers to learn from and find a haiku poet that may become a mentor to you. It is also good to find a fellow poet to bounce ideas with on a regular basis. These exchanges can be very productive in either helping you with a poem you are having a problem with or inspiring you to write new poetry.
Above all, do not stop writing even when you are not happy with your output. Do as many re-writes as you need to until you find the right form to your haiku.
At the SCHSG, we have suggested forming what we call a “haiku pod” where a group of 4 poets (or whatever is your level of comfort as to the number of participants) can meet face-to-face in an outdoor setting following all local Covid protocols in lieu of our usual group meeting at a library since we are still meeting on Zoom. In the few times I have done this with my haiku pod, it inspired a lot of poetry writing and it was fun!
What are some of the fun ways that you have used or experienced haiku?
I have been sharing a lot of my work with family and friends via video calls! I had fun introducing them to haiku since most of them are clueless at first! I would write something from stories or pictures they were sharing to make the poem more accessible. I get some hilarious interpretations or the unexpected take to my haiku, such that I am actually learning from them, too. It is very rewarding to have them slowly get into haiku — they now ask me to read them my latest! Besides, they are my rah-rah cheering squad that gets me more inspired to write.
What are your favorite haiku that you have written? Can you share a story behind one of them?
home for Thanksgiving
This is one of the first batch of haiku that I wrote early on. I submitted it to my first YTHS Asilomar Retreat in 2017. I’ve always found Thanksgiving reunions to be full of drama, but during the retreat, I was literally a bunch of nerves and trying some deep breathing to calm myself! Amazingly, it placed second in the kukai of that year! I have been enjoying kukai exercises since.
floating kelp forest
bobbing with the waves –
the silence that comes
after the last whisper
a hillside shifts shape spring rain
And here’s one of my “mad haiku”:
all I want
is a simple yes or no
What haiku-related project are you currently working on that brings you joy? What do you like about it?
I have been bouncing ideas with a fellow poet and a project is percolating out of that! It is a lot of fun being challenged to get bolder with my writing, but it also helps to have someone who inspires me. I cannot give out more details but watch out for it!
Bona M. Santos
Having developed a passion in haiku, she continues to challenge herself to be bolder and innovative in her writing.
She is a member of the Haiku Society of America, Southern California Haiku Study Group and the Yuki Teikei Haiku Society.
Her haiku has seen print or been online in Modern Haiku, Frogpond, Akitsu Quarterly, Autumn Moon Haiku Journal, Poetry Pea Journal, Frameless Sky, The Asahi Haikuist, seashores, hedgerow: a journal of small poems, Kingfisher, THF Haiku Dialogues & various anthologies.
In haiku, she finds her zen zone.
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