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Christian Celebrations in Japanese Kigo

Started by Gabi Greve, March 08, 2011, 01:08:22 AM

Previous topic - Next topic

Gabi Greve

quoting from my page
http://wkdkigodatabase03.blogspot.com/2010/02/christian-celebrations-winter.html


Today, about one to two million Japanese are Christians (about 1% of Japan's population). Most of them live in Western Japan where the missionaries' activities were greatest during the 16th century.

A few Christian customs have become quite popular also among the non-Christian population. Such customs are the wearing of white dresses at weddings or the celebration of St.Valentine's Day and, to a certain grade, also Christmas.


SPRING

kigo for early spring


. Stepping on a Christian image
(fumi-e, fumie, ebumi 踏絵 絵踏)


nijuuroku seijinsai 二十六聖人祭 (にじゅうろくせいじんさい)
celebration of the 26 saints
..... chimeisai 致命祭(ちめいさい)
On the 5th of February, in 1597, Toyotomi Hideyoshi ordered the execution of 26 christian people in Nagasaki, 3 of them where Japanese Jesuits. Later Pope Pius 9 canonized them in 1861.


.................................................................................



. Barentain Dii バレンタインデー Valentine Day  
barentain no hi バレンタインの日 (ばれんたいんのひ)



. shanikusai 謝肉祭 (しゃにくさい) carneval, carnival  
Karneval, Fasching
including
hai no suiyoobi 灰の水曜日Ash Wednesday. Aschermittwoch
 



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kigo for mid-spring

sei Yosefu sai 聖ヨセフ祭 (せいよせふさい) feast of Saint Joseph
..... shugoshasai 守護者祭(しゅごしゃさい)
..... joohaisai 浄配祭(じょうはいさい)
Fest des Heiligen Josef


.................................................................................


o-tsugesai 御告祭 おつげさい Annunciation
kami no o-tsuge 神のお告げ(かみのおつげ), gokuchisai 告知祭(こくちさい)、o-tsuge no shukujitsu お告げの祝日(おつげのしゅくじつ), jutai kokuchibi 受胎告知日(じゅたいこくちび)、seitai gokuchibi 聖胎告知日(せいたいこくちび)
Maria Verkündigung


The Angelus Domini is the traditional form used by the faithful to commemorate the holy annunciation of the angel Gabriel to Mary.
. . Angelus prayer


.................................................................................


shishunsetsu 四旬節 (しじゅんせつ) lent
..... taisaisetsu 大斎節(たいさいせつ)
rento レント、Lent
shijunsai 四旬祭(しじゅんさい), shijunsai 四旬斎(しじゅんさい)

The season of Lent is a 40-day period of fasting and prayer, which leads up to the great feast of Christ's resurrection, Easter, in the Christian calendar. Lent starts on Ash Wednesday and ends with Easter Eve, the day after Good Friday, when we remember Jesus resting dead in his tomb and prepare ourselves to celebrate his resurrection.
. Lent in Europe  
including
junan no jujitsu 受難の主日 (じゅなんのしゅじつ)
Palmsunday, Palmsonntag
sei kinyoobi 聖金曜日 せいきんようび Good Friday, Karfreitag
seidoyoobi 聖土曜日 (せいどようび) Holy Saturday, Karsamstag



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kigo for late spring

. fukkatsu-sai 復活祭り、iisutaa イースター
Easter / Ostern  
iisutaa eggu イースターエッグ Easter egg
pasuka パスカ、pasuha パスハ、paaku パーク Pashka
Russian Easter cheese dessert
and
shiroki nichiyoobi 白き日曜日 (しろきにちようび)White Sunday


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

SUMMER

kigo for early summer

seibozuki 聖母月 (せいぼづき) month of the holy mother
..... Maria no tsuki マリアの月(まりあのつき)month of Maria
The month of May.




shootensai 昇天祭 (しょうてんさい) Ascension of Christ
..... shooten no hi 昇天日(しょうてんび)
goshooten 御昇天(ごしょうてん)
Himmelfahrt


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kigo for mid-summer

hana no hi 花の日 (はなのひ) "day of flowers"
..... hana no nichiyo 花の日曜(はなのにちよう)sunday of flowers
bara no nichiyo 薔薇の日曜(ばらのにちよう)sunday of roses
Most often the second sunday in July.
Rosensonntag, Freudensonntag, Lätare


The fourth Sunday in Lent is Laetare, also called Refreshment Sunday.
Mothering Sunday, Laetare in Europe


.................................................................................


sei Yohanne sai 聖ヨハネ祭 (せいよはねさい)
Feast of Saint John
..... senja sei Yohanne sai 仲夏 洗者聖ヨハネ祭(せんじゃせいよはねさい)
Feast of Saint John the Baptist
..... senja sei Yohanne tanjoobi 洗者聖ヨハネ誕生日(せんじゃせいよはねたんじょうび)
birthdy of Saint John, the Baptist
der Heilige Johannes der Täufer

.................................................................................


sei Petoro . Pauro sai 聖ペトロ・パウロ祭
(せいぺとろ・ぱうろさい)
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
July 29
Hochfest Peter und Paul



.................................................................................


seirei koorin sai 聖霊降臨祭 (せいれいこうりんさい)
Pentecost
pentekosute ペンテコステ
seireisai 聖霊祭(せいれいさい)/降臨祭(こうりんさい)
gojunsetsu 五旬節(ごじゅんせつ)
Pfingsten



sanmisai 三位祭 (さんみさい) Trinity Sunday
seisanmisai 聖三位祭(せいさんみさい)
shiseisai 至聖祭(しせいさい)
Celebrated on the next sunday after pentecoste.
Dreifaltigkeitsfest; Trinitatisfest



seitaisai, seitai sai 聖体祭 (せいたいさい)
Corpus Christi Festival
Fronleichnam "Hochfest des Leibes und Blutes Christi"
. Corpus Christi Procession


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kigo for late summer

Nippon fukushasai 日本福者祭 (にっぽんふくじゃさい)
canonization day of Japan
July 7. Sometimes also celebrated on September 10.
On this day, the pope Pius 9 canonized about 250 Japanese people.


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

AUTUMN

kigo for early autumn

hishootensai 被昇天祭 (ひしょうてんさい)
Feast of the Assumption
hishooten no shukujitsu 被昇天の祝日(ひしょうてんのしゅくじつ)
seibo hishootensai 聖母被昇天祭(せいぼひしょうてんさい)Assumption of Mary
seibosai 聖母祭(せいぼさい)
August 15. Mariä Himmelfahrt
fukuremanjuu no iwaibi ふくれ饅頭の祝日(ふくれまんじゅうのいわいび)
day for celebrating whith puffed manju ricecakes
. . . CLICK here for Photos of the manju from Nagasaki!




seibo seishinsai 聖母聖心祭 (せいぼせいしんさい)
The Immaculate Heart of Mary
August 22



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kigo for mid-autumn

seibo seitansai 聖母生誕祭 (せいぼせいたんさい)
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
..... gyooseisai 暁星祭(ぎょうせいさい)
September 8
Naşterea Sf. Fecioare Maria / Nativity of the Virgin Mary;
aka "Sântămăria Mică" / "Little St. Mary's" in Romania




juujikasai, juujika sai 十字架祭 (じゅうじかさい)
Exaltation of the Cross
juujika no shoosan no shukujitsu 十字架の称讃の祝日
(じゅうじかのしょうさんのしゅくじつ)
Triumph of the Holy Cross.
September 14




. sei Mikaeru sai 聖ミカエル祭 (せいみかえるさい)
Feast of Saint Michael
September 29



tenshisai, tenshi sai 天使祭 (てんしさい)
"festival of angels" . Angel Festival
shugo no tenshi no iwaibi
守護の天使の祝日(しゅごのてんしのいわいび)
October 2


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kigo for late autumn

. rozario no seibo no hi ロザリオの聖母の日(ろざりおのせいぼのひ)
Our Lady of the Rosary
rozario sai, rosariosai ロザリオ祭 (ろざりおさい)"Feast of the Rosary"
October 7



. Banseietsu 万聖節 (ばんせいせつ) All Saints' Day
Allerheiligen
November 1



. Shareisai 諸霊祭 (しょれいさい) All Souls Day
Allerseelen
November 1



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

WINTER

kigo for early winter

. kanshasai 感謝祭 (かんしゃさい) Thanksgiving
..... shuukaku kanshasai 収穫感謝祭(しゅうかくかんしゃさい)
harvest thanksgiving
sometimes placed in mid-autumn


.................................................................................


Day of Saint Xavier
Sei Sabieru no hi 聖ザビエルの日 (せいざびえるのひ)
December 3
Sei Furanshisuko Sabieru shi sai no iwaibi
聖フランシスコ=ザビエル司祭の祝日
(せいふらんしすこざびえるしさいのいわいび)
Sabieru no iwaibi ザビエルの祝日(ざびえるのいわいび)
Sei Sabieru sai 聖ザビエル祭(せいざびえるさい)
Feast for Saint Xavier

Saint Francis Xavier, born Francisco de Jaso y Azpilicueta (7 April 1506, Javier, Navarre – 3 December 1552, Shangchuan Island, China) was a pioneering Roman Catholic missionary born in the Kingdom of Navarre (Spain) and co-founder of the Society of Jesus.
He was influential in the spreading and upkeep of Catholicism most notably in India, but also ventured into Japan, Borneo, the Moluccas, and other areas which had thus far not been visited by Christian missionaries.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. WKD : Xavier, Saint Francis Xavier,
sei Sabieru 聖ザビエル  (1506 - 1552)


.................................................................................



. advent, taikoosetsu 待降節 (たいこうせつ)



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kigo for mid-winter

seitaisetsu 聖胎節 せいたいせつ
day of the Immaculate Conception (of Virgin Mary)
Feast of the Immaculate Conception
December 8
..... dootei Sei Maria nugenzai no onyadori no iwaibi
童貞聖マリア無原罪の御孕りの祝日
(どうていせいまりあむげんざいのおんやどりのいわいび)
mugenzai no Sei Maria no saijitsu
無原罪の聖マリアの祭日 (むげんざいのせいまりあのさいじつ)
Maria no onyadori no hi
マリア様の御孕りの日(まりあさまのおんやどりのひ)


.................................................................................




. Christmas
kurisumasu クリスマス Christmas, Weihnachten
December 24, 25
kirisuto kootansai キリスト降誕祭(きりすとこうたんさい)
birth of Christ
..... kootansai 降誕祭(こうたんさい)
..... seitansai 聖誕祭(せいたんさい)"holy birthday"
..... gokootansetsu 御降誕節(ごこうたんせつ)

seiju 聖樹(せいじゅ)"holy tree", Tannenbaum


kurisumasu oo-uridashi
クリスマス大売出し(くりすますおおうりだし)
Christmas sale

kurisumasu ibu クリスマスイブ Christmas eve
December 23

seiya 聖夜(せいや)Holy Night
seiyageki 聖夜劇(せいやげき)"Holy Night performance"
Krippenspiel

kurisumasu kaado クリスマスカード Christmas card
kurisumasu kyaroru クリスマスキャロル Christmas carol
Weihnachtslied

seika 聖菓(せいか)"Holy Cake", Christmas cake


Day of the Holy Family
seikazoku no hi 聖家族の日 (せいかぞくのひ)
seikazoku no jujitsu 聖家族の主日(せいかぞくのしゅじつ)
nazareto no seikazoku no iwaibi
ナザレトの聖家族の祝日(なざれとのせいかぞくのいわいび)
Festival Day of the Holy Family from Nazareth


.................................................................................


Day of Saint John
Sei Johanne no hi 聖ヨハネの日 (せいよはねのひ)
..... Sei Johanne no iwaibi
聖ヨハネの祝い日(せいよはねのいわいび)
December 27

John the Apostle
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kigo for late winter

. Candlemass. seishokusai 聖燭祭 (せいしょくさい)
..... shu no hooken 主の奉献(しゅのほうけん)
Presentation of Jesus at the Temple
主の迎接祭(しゅのげいせつさい)
February 2


.................................................................................


. Epiphany, koogen no hi
公現の日 こうげんのひ
Three Kings Day, January 6
gokoogen 御公現(ごこうげん)
ju no gokoogen no iwaibi
主の御公現の祝日(しゅのごこうげんのいわいび)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

topics for haiku

baiburu バイブル bible, die Bibel
seisho 聖書 the holy scirptures, die Heilige Schrift



The Hyperlinks are HERE
http://wkdkigodatabase03.blogspot.com/2010/02/christian-celebrations-winter.html


May these words inspire you to new haiku !
Gabi

AlanSummers

These are really useful Gabi.

I'm really pleased that this suggests that the subject of kigo is not a closed subject, and is forever evolving.

Alan

Don Baird

I had no idea.  Thanks for sharing, Gabi!
I write haiku because they're there to be written ...

storm drain
the vertical axis
of winter

isafakir

i thought hiroshima and nagasaki were the christian centers of 16th-20th century japan until WWII.

Quote from: Gabi Greve on March 08, 2011, 01:08:22 AM
quoting from my page
http://wkdkigodatabase03.blogspot.com/2010/02/christian-celebrations-winter.html


Today, about one to two million Japanese are Christians (about 1% of Japan's population). Most of them live in Western Japan where the missionaries' activities were greatest during the 16th century.



Larry Bole

Not related to haiku, but there is a legend that Jesus traveled to both India and Japan during his 'lost' years, and after his crucifixion he returned to the island of Honshu in Japan, where he lived to the age of 106, married, and had three daughters.

The American author John Updike has written a beautiful short story based on this legend, titled "Jesus on Honshu," which first appeared in the magazine The New Yorker, Dec. 25, 1971.

Actual vestiges of this legend can be found today in the farming town of Shingo on the island of Honshu.

Larry

Larry Bole

P.S. In this legend about Jesus, it's his brother who is mistakenly crucified in Jesus' place.

Larry

Gabi Greve

Shingō (新郷村, Shingō-mura) Shingo village
is a village located in the Sannohe District of south-central Aomori Prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan.
The village promotes itself as the home of the
Grave of Christ (キリストの墓, Kirisuto no Haka) after a local legend.

Shingō village claims to be the last resting-place of Jesus, buried in the "Tomb of Jesus." According to the village's claims, Jesus Christ did not die on the cross at Golgotha. Instead his brother, Isukiri, took his place on the cross, while Jesus fled across Siberia to Mutsu Province, in northern Japan, where he became a rice farmer, married, and raised a family near what is now Shingō.
Entrepreneurs sell memorabilia and Jesus souvenirs to the tourists. Another tomb in Shingō is said to contain an ear of the brother of Jesus and a lock of hair from the Virgin Mary. The claims started in 1933 after the discovery of supposed "ancient Hebrew documents detailing Jesus' life and death in Japan" that was supposedly the testament of Jesus. These documents were allegedly seized by the Japanese authorities and taken to Tokyo shortly before World War II and have not been seen since.

The English text on the sign explaining the legend of the Tomb of Christ reads:

When Jesus Christ was 21 years old, he came to Japan and pursued knowledge of divinity for 12 years. He went back to Judea at age 33 and engaged in his mission. However, at that time, people in Judea would not accept Christ's preaching. Instead, they arrested him and tried to crucify him on a cross. His younger brother, Isukiri casually took Christ's place and ended his life on the cross.
Christ, who escaped the crucifixion, went through the ups and downs of travel, and again came to Japan. He settled right here in what is now called Herai Village, and died at the age of 106. On this holy ground, there is dedicated a burial mound on the right to deify Christ, and a grave on the left to deify Isukiri. The above description was given in a testament by Jesus Christ.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

http://worldkigodatabase.blogspot.com/2005/03/christmas.html
.

Gabi Greve

Valentine's Day 2012

even the rain
shows shades of pink -
Valentine's Day


with a lot of new haiku

http://worldkigodatabase.blogspot.com/2012/02/valentines-day-2012.html


Happy Valentine to all !
Gabi
.

Larry Bole

Dear Gabi,

Just thought I would post a couple of Christian-themed haiku by Japanese haiku poets. The first one is one that has been posted at one of your yahoo haiku groups:

baiburu wo yomu sabishisa yo hana no ame

reading the Bible
this loneliness--
rain on the blossoms

--Sugita Hisajo, Tr. Ueda


kugi uteru tenshu no teashi tsuyu no kaho

The Lord's hands and feet,
with the nails hammered through them---
dewdrops on blossoms.

--Seishi, Tr. Kodaira and Marks

Seishi's comment:

QuoteComposed 1927.
On a business trip to Nagasaki, in Kyuushuu, I visited the Ooura Catholic Church and the image of Jesus on the cross in the flower garden. Nails in his hands and feet. Dewdrops on the flowers in the garden. I thought of the blood flowing on his hands and feet.

QuoteOther points of interest [from Kodaira's and Marks' text]:

Nagasaki was one of the principal areas of missionary activity when Christianity was introduced to Japan in the sixteenth century. Ooura Catholic Church was built in 1864 and dedicated to 26 Christians crucified in 1597. Today the church has been designated a national treasure.

As I find interesting Christian-themed haiku by Japanese poets, I will hopefully remember to post them here, if you'd like.

Larry



Gabi Greve

#9
QuoteAs I find interesting Christian-themed haiku by Japanese poets,
I will hopefully remember to post them here, if you'd like.
Larry

Thanks so much, Larry, that would be wonderful!

A lady in waiting ...  :-*

Gabi


Ooura Catholic Church Nagasaki


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